The Indian Bison also known as Gaur is the tallest and Largest wild cattle species in the world, even bigger than the African wild buffalo with occasional large bull weighing up to 1,500 kg .

An-Adult-Indian-Bison-Gaur-Bull

The gaur, belongs to the group of wild oxen that include the Asiatic buffalo, African buffalo, true cattle and bison. Recent advances in taxonomy of gaur suggest the presence of only two subspecies: B. g. gaurus in India and Nepal and B. g. laosiensis in the rest of the distribution range of the species.

In January and February, gaur live in small herds of eight to 11 individuals, one of which is a bull

Gaur-Pride-Family with Young Ones

The historic distribution of Gaur covered the entire mainland south and Southeast Asia and Sri Lanka. The current distribution is restricted to scattered pockets in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Lao PDR, Peninsular Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam.

It’s a venerable species as per IUCN red data list with estimated number of 20,000 individual in the world with around 10,000 in India

Below the skull shot.

Skull-Gaur-Indian Bison-Onforest.com

 

Key Locations where they Can be spotted  in India:

Nagarahole and Bandipur National Parks ,Kanha National Park,Pench National Park, Tadoba Tiger Reserve ,Periyar Tiger Reserve

Below the Young one with the Mother and Milking

New Born Gaur Biosn

 

You can see them in the below Zoos of India.

Bannerghata Biological Park, Bangalore ,  Arignar Anna Zoological Park, Chennai ,Sri Chamarajendra Zoological Park, Mysore ,Rajiv Gandhi Zool. Park & Res. Ctr, Pune ,Sepahijala Zoological Park, Agartala , Bondla Zoo, Usgown, Goa ,Indira Gandhi Zoologicalm Park, Visakhapatnam,M.C. Zoological Park, Chatbir . National Zoological Park, New Delhi,