Out of the 90 odd kingfisher species in the world around 12 are found in India.
All kingfishers are highly territorial; since it must eat around 60% of its body weight each day, it is essential to have control of a suitable stretch of river or water body. It is solitary for most of the year, roosting alone in heavy cover.
>White-throated Kingfisher, Is a Tree Kingfisher often found away from water bodies, feeding on insects ,small reptiles, amphibians, crabs, small rodents and even birds. Widespread Resident in the Indian Subcontinent. Photo Shot at Kamleshwar Dam, Gir National Park
>Pied Kingfisher , Along with Common and White Throat this is another Widespread resident of the the Indian Subcontinent.Crested black and white kingfisher.Found around still fresh waters,slow-moving rivers and streams also tidal creeks and pools
Other Kingfisher’s found in India are listed below, I haven’t snapped them yet, but you can click on the link to see the images.
>Blue-eared Kingfisher (Near Threatened as per IUCN) , Found near the Himalyan Foothills, NE,E,Andaman and SW India. Mainly Streams in dense forest.
>Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher , Tiny forest Kingfisher with coral-red bill,Resident in SW India (konkan) ,Andaman. Considered unlucky by many locals. Found in shady streams in moist broad-leaved forest.
>Brown-winged Kingfisher (Near Threatened as per IUCN) , Resident East India (Suburbans) found near coasts, mangroves, tidal rivers and creeks.
>Stork-Billed Kingfisher Widespread resident, North, NE,Central India and Konkan ,Very large with red bill and brown cap, orange collar and underpants.Found in shaded-lakes and slow-moving waterways
>Ruddy Kingfisher Medium size forest dwelling also found in mangrove swamps,rufous-orange upper parts with violet gloss.Not widespread found in E,NE and Andaman.
>Crested Kingfisher Resident in Himalays and NE, Rocky fast flowing mountain rivers and larger river foothills,rarely by lakes.Prominent crest and similar but larger than Pied Kingfisher.
(reference:http://www.kolkatabirds.com ,WikiPedia , Birds of The Indian Subcontinent by HELM)